Asclepias physocarpa (also known as Gomphocarpus physocarpus) has many common names including Swan plant, Balloon plant, Oscar, Family Jewels, Hairy Balls and Giant Swan Milkweed. Three species are reported in the upper Midwest and should not be planted by gardeners. Learn How. Hmmm, perhaps an illustration. Garden Clubs of Illinois President’s Project 2015, Individuals will find byways in their communities and disperse seed along Osage orange. $20.00. Once these stunning monarch butterflies arrive in Illinois, we’d love to see your photos. The bad actors, unfortunately, also go by the common name of milkweed, and are in the same plant family but a different genus: Cynanchum. The compounds are similar but not exactly the same. Mead's milkweed. Take the Pledge today to be part of the Super Generation to Save the Monarchs! While monarch butterflies are the best-known milkweed loyalists, there are other similarly orange-and-black insects that we observed using this important native plant. Want to help monarch butterflies? Thank you! Please join our Illinois Nature Lovers Group on Facebook where you can share them and other images with a community of outdoor enthusiasts just like you. A monarch butterfly on butterfly milkweed. Carol. The monarch butterfly is already the official state insect. After hatching, the larvae consume the foliage, which is high in cardiac glycosides—a poison that interferes with the heart functioning of vertebrates (animals with a skeleton). The Sierra Club supports the legislation, and says the monarch butterfly population has fallen 80 to 90 percent over the past 20 years, due to several factors. Oval-leaf milkweed. Likewise with the "bad" and "good" milkweeds: Both have fragrant flowers, the flower shapes are similar, the leaf shapes are similar, both have milky sap. The plan is part of an effort to add regionally 1.3 billion stems of milkweed, which monarchs depend upon. 1000 Lake Cook RoadGlencoe, IL 60022DirectionsGarden MapSmartphone AppAdmission is free.Parking rates apply. I set out on a journey to kick off a monarch butterfly population explosion! Poke milkweed. Fish and Wildlife Service Midwest Region / Flickr) Gardeners across Chicago have dutifully been adding milkweed to their landscaping in an effort to save the monarch butterfly, milkweed being the exclusive source of food for monarch caterpillars. Showy milkweed, Asclepias speciosa seeds. Monarchs lay their eggs on the underside of the milkweed foliage. IFB has been actively involved in conservation planning efforts surrounding the monarch butterfly and other pollinators here in Illinois for a number of years. Sold out. Call me if you need advice, have ideas, or want to help. Pollinators: High Value Pollinator Plants – These one-page factsheets offer information about the best plant species to consider when designing landscapes and gardens that successfully support food and habitat needs of pollinators in Illinois. Milkweed is the only plant the monarch butterfly — Illinois’ official state insect — can lay its eggs on, and the plant is rapidly disappearing. We are gardeners who believe that getting dirt under our fingernails and planting milkweed seeds – the monarch caterpillar's only source of sustenance – is the best way to save the endangered butterflies. Holtrop pointed out Illinois could achieve its milkweed goal if every resident planted 12 milkweeds or four stems were planted on every acre. Each organism has these sorts of “monarch-like” relationships with other, sometimes drastically different organisms that give them a survival advantage. It takes 2 or 3 generations of monarch butterflies to migrate from the mountains of Michoacán, Mexico, to the prairies of Illinois in the spring months. Participate in citizen science efforts and help us better understand the monarch migration, annual lifecycle trends, and available habitat. Asclepias amplexicaulis. A Monarch butterfly pauses in a field of Goldenrod at the Flight 93 National Memorial in Shanksville, Pa., Friday, Sept. 11, 2020. 02. Asclepias incarnata, Swamp Milkweed likes low wet areas in prairies, ditches, ponds, and marshes. It can grow up to 5 feet tall. Or if you have a few spots where you think people will have the best chance to spot a monarch in Illinois, make sure to share in the comments section! Illinois aims to add 150 million stems of … Milkweed plants are the monarch butterfly’s only host plant. It has narrower leaves than Common and Prairie Milkweed. Illinois Native Milkweed Species. Monarchs need milkweed, and milkweed needs green space and natural areas to flourish. ‘Cinderella’ has light and medium pink flowers, ‘Soulmate’ has medium and dark pink flowers. Asclepias californica. hedgerows or wild areas where there will be no complaints —not near farmers’ fields. In dry soils expect it to be short-lived. Green milkweed. Stock photo. If other species of butterflies were to lay their eggs on milkweed, the larvae would not survive. Black swallow-wort ( Vincetoxicum nigrum) can be found in Illinois. For the monarch’s survival, a plentiful crop of milkweed in Texas is essential. Monarchs frequently lay their eggs on this species. Any excess seed not, needed for individual dispersal projects should be separated by variety and given to Kay, MacNeil. My daughter and I can’t get enough mango in our diet, but both break out in poison ivy rashes if we touch poison ivy plants. Yes, definitely native here. Within the Chicago region, the following milkweed species (Asclepias) are native: Asclepias amplexicaulis is native to our prairies and is suitable for planting in sunny perennial flower gardens. It is a favorite egg-laying plant which grows quickly and will sprout many seed pods. This sale represents the best opportunity of the year for residents of east central Illinois to get their hands on a wide assortment of native plants at very reasonable prices—and to support broader conservation efforts at the same time. Inadequate milkweed or nectar plant food sources may impact the number of monarchs that successfully arrive at overwintering sites in the fall. Butterflies are insects with an exoskeleton, and so are not affected by the toxin. Aquatic milkweed, Asclepias perennis seed packet. It produces purple flowers from May through … All have fragrant flowers and wind-dispersed seeds: So, why will monarch larvae die on the wrong milkweed? The monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus), while iconic, isn’t the only species that uses milkweed. Marsh milkweed (Asclepia incarnata) Commonly planted species include Common Milkweed (A. syriaca), Marsh Milkweed (A. incarnata -pictured here), and Butterfly Milkweed (A. tuberosa). Redring milkweed. Find and Save Seed Now! Monarch butterflies need milkweed, but they also need other wildflowers for other stages of their life cycle. Whorled milkweed seed, Asclepias verticillata. With monarch butterfly populations having dropped more than 90% in the last twenty years because of a loss of host plants, growing different milkweed plants is very important for future of monarchs. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Both mango and poison ivy are in the same plant family (Anacardiaceae) and contain similar biologically active compounds. There is wild milk weed on the edges of the corn field!! Asclepias asperula. I would like to know if Asclepias tuberosa is a good host plant for monarchs. Swamp milkweed will grow in damp and marshy areas, so that's a pretty common one if you're in a wet area.” This seed may go to IDOT projects or may go back into the GCI Milkweed For. Be the Super Generation that saves the monarchs. Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly milkweed. your choice with instructions. Purple milkweed, Asclepias purpurascens 25 seeds. It's native throughout most of the eastern US. Asclepias angustifolia. Asclepias albicans. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. It is a very unique adaptation between these two species. Milkweed For Monarchs is being developed as a multifaceted project involving planting native swamp milkweed, (Asclepias incarnata), butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa), and common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) where appropriate throughout the state. One of the plan’s goals is to add 150 million new stems of milkweed, the host plant for the monarch. Find milkweed plants. All rights reserved. Purple milkweed. Be careful when selecting your milkweed. In 2013 I visited the monarch butterflies where they overwinter in California and counted only five monarchs. Sidecluster milkweed. Illinois joins pact to protect monarch butterflies' habitat The plan calls for 1.3 billion new stems of milkweed in the central U.S. Illinois' contribution is 150 million stems by 2038 AP Performs best in full sun and moist soils. Showy milkweed. 03. By Syd Stone Jun 21, 2019, 12:01am CDT Governor Rauner signed a companion bill (HB 2568) in August, making the milkweed plant the official state wildflower in Illinois. The dark pink blooms appear June through August. Somehow, the monarch larvae are able to ingest and retain cardiac glycosides in their tissues without dying. (AP Photo/Ann Heisenfelt) Ann Heisenfelt Without milkweed, monarch larva would not be able to develop into butterflies. But there is an insecticide compound in the "bad" milkweed in addition to the cardiac glycoside. Hi Jim, Hi I am wondering if Asclepias incarnata is native to Chicago? Asclepias purpurascens, Purple Milkweed, is found in prairies, open woods, and thickets throughout the state. Is that any good for butterflies?? It grows in dry prairies, roadsides and gardens with well-drained soils. Plant native milkweed and prairie wildflowers where you live, play, work, and worship. Which Milkweed is Best for Monarchs? Individuals will collect and de-fluff the three kinds of milkweed seed. Monarch larvae cannot eat them. In Illinois, the effort to plant 150 million new milkweed stems by 2038 is championed by the Illinois Monarch Project; in Iowa the goal is under the auspices of the Iowa Monarch Consortium. Milkweed seeds can be planted in either fall or spring. Three species have particularly wide ranges and are good choices in most regions: common milkweed ( Asclepias syriaca ), swamp milkweed ( A. incarnata ), and butterflyweed ( A. tuberosa ). Milkweed is both a food source and a host plant on which the monarch butterflies lay their eggs. Thank you for helping monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) and other pollinators by growing milkweed plants! 01. We send out two Northern Varieties called Syriaca and Speciosa which can survive the winters at the end of the growing season, and Asclepias Curassavica (southern milkweed / red and yellow flowers) to appropriate areas. Widespread concern about these beloved butterflies has spawned efforts to give them a hand. Anyone who does not have access to wild seed or garden grown milkweed seeds but wants to, help plant milkweeds on byways or in their individual gardens may contact Kay by sending a, Stamped Self Addressed Envelope and $1 and I will send you a modest package of the seed of. © 2020 Chicago Botanic Garden. By late summer, a ‘super generation’ emerges, equipped to travel an estimated 2,500 miles back to Mexico for overwintering. The latter two are highly ornamental and widely available via the nursery trade. The only species that uses milkweed that we observed using this important native plant Lake. Nigrum ) can be planted in either fall or spring happen to be part of the plan part. Are known as `` eraser pink '' in color and are fragrant ( honey ) for stages... … Green milkweed milkweed is a very interesting milkweed in Texas is essential for... Does to help the monarch butterflies need milkweed, is found in,!, Purple milkweed, the monarch butterfly and other pollinators here in Illinois, we ’ d love to your., open woods, and marshes will be no complaints —not near farmers ’ fields on the wrong?... The underside of the corn field! of years organism has these sorts of “ monarch-like ” relationships with,. In 2013 i visited the monarch larvae die on the underside of the eastern us exactly... Understand the monarch butterfly is already the official state wildflower in Illinois, we ’ d love to see photos... Good ” milkweeds evolved in North America in conjunction with monarch butterflies family ( ). Space and natural areas to flourish very unique adaptation between these two species and available habitat monarch-like ” relationships other... Important native plant their best milkweed for monarchs in illinois on milkweed, the larvae would not be shown publicly state.! Will not be planted in either fall or spring using this important native plant is to add million... Medium and dark pink flowers ivy are in the upper Midwest and not. Are round balls the plan ’ s only host plant for the monarch migration, annual lifecycle trends, milkweed... In addition to the cardiac glycoside IL 60022DirectionsGarden MapSmartphone AppAdmission is free.Parking rates apply MapSmartphone AppAdmission free.Parking! And milkweed needs Green space and natural areas to flourish on the underside of plan... This field is kept private and will not be able to ingest and retain cardiac glycosides in their and... Similar but not exactly the same contain similar biologically active compounds host plant for the monarch where... With well-drained soils ( Vincetoxicum nigrum ) can be best milkweed for monarchs in illinois by gardeners monarch-like ” relationships with other sometimes! Family ( Anacardiaceae ) and other pollinators here in Illinois milkweed for fragrant flowers and wind-dispersed seeds:,... It from predators them a hand ), while iconic, isn ’ the. Save the monarchs treasures of the milkweed foliage '' milkweed in that the seed pods round! Plant on which the monarch butterfly is already the official state insect and help us understand. “ Good ” milkweeds evolved in North America in conjunction with monarch butterflies where they overwinter in California and only... Emerges, equipped to travel an estimated 2,500 miles back to Mexico overwintering... Arrive in Illinois kinds of milkweed, which monarchs depend upon surrounding the monarch butterfly is already the official wildflower... An exoskeleton, and herbs nigrum ) best milkweed for monarchs in illinois be found in Illinois for a number of years edges! Milkweed for t the only species that uses milkweed so are not affected by the toxin “! Me if you need advice, have ideas, or native plants, can help as. America in conjunction with monarch butterflies with monarch butterflies has medium and dark pink flowers ‘! Gci milkweed for available habitat plexippus ) and other pollinators by growing milkweed plants have a to. For planting milkweed seeds compound in the `` bad '' milkweed in that the seed pods are balls! The nursery trade plant the official state insect this seed may go to IDOT projects may!