Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. Direct and Indirect of Present Perfect Continuous Tense. He said that he was living in Paris. Direct Speech is the exact words spoken by someone. Direct and Indirect Speech examples with present, past, future tense, with imperative, exclamatory, optative, with let and question sentences, pdf download. Direct and Indirect of Past Perfect Tense. Rule for changing historical truths, universal truths, habitual facts. She said, “I loved my sons more than all” She said that I loved my sons more ... Read moreReported Speech Exercise Present Perfect Continuous Tense In the case of Direct Speech, we use inverted commas to mark the exact words of the speaker. Affirmative, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative sentences along with examples. ii. You will learn how to convey a message what someone has said, felt and thought in present perfect continuous tense. Find here complete examples of direct and indirect speech for all classes, with solved answers. In this case,there is no changeIn this case,Past Perfect of Direct Speech remains Past Perfect of Indirect SpeechThe teenager said"I had pizza for lunch"-a-The teenager said that he had pizza for lunch-ea-The rich man said"I had 2 private jets-a-The rich man said that he had 2 private jets-ea-Father He said that I had worked over my ... Read moreReported Speech Exercise Past Perfect Tense She asked me if my brother had learned English at Learn ESL. If this verb is in the present tense, it's easy. “I had worked over my project”, he said. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Tenses 1. 3 Direct She said; “The exam is difficult. It isn't necessary to change the present tense into the past tense if the information in the direct speech is still true or a general statement. = She said that she was tired. Affirmative, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative structures along with examples. Indirect She said the test was difficult. He says, “He played guitar.” He says that he played guitar: You say, “I shall go to Paris.” You say that you will go to Paris. The tenses of direct speech do not change if the reporting verb is in the future tense or present tense. Check the Direct and Indirect speech examples for tense using the above table. Usually used in writing language such as novels, stories etc. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! We also may need to change words like 'my' and 'your'. Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. As can be seen in the examples above, the verbs in the present perfect, present continuous and present simple tenses in the original statements changed into their corresponding past equivalents (past perfect, past continuous and past simple) in indirect speech. He said that I had worked over my ... Read moreReported Speech Exercise Past Perfect Tense 4 Direct … There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. We start with definition, we go with examples, we proceed with question answers and our support with you has no end and limits. Reported speech- Handling questions: Direct and indirect speech of present perfect tense along with structures and examples for affirmative, negative, … There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. Check out Direct and Indirect Speech Exercises With Answers. In the case of Direct Speech, we use inverted commas to mark the exact words of the speaker. Direct and Indirect Speech examples with present, past, future tense, with imperative, exclamatory, optative, with let and question sentences, pdf download. 4 Direct … Indirect speech allows us to report what someone else said. definition: We usually use reported speech when we talk about something that someone else has said. It is enclosed within quotation marks. Direct and Indirect Speech Direct Speech is the exact words spoken by someone. Past Simple I bought a car. If you would like to know more about direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech, check out more in the book below. Reported speech: She said that the sun rises/rose from the East. In the lesson, we are going to see the definition, rules, structure, and some examples of the reported speech. I asked him if he hadn’t been working on that project lately. 1. He said he bought a car. He said, ‘‘I am not a thief.’’ He said that he was not a thief. Change of tenses. He said that he had worked over his project. 1. Present Perfect Tense is used to express an action that occurred or completed at some point in past. To relate someone’s words to both direct and indirect speech, you need an introductory verb. Learn ESL is an organization to help students learn English as a second language and assist them to enhance their writing skills. Deepak said, “I am having tea.” Deepak said that he was having tea. Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." Direct: He said, “she is working on this project.” Indirect: He said that she was working on that project. He said that he had worked over his project. I would like to write and share my experience through this website and help people learn ESL and enhance their writing skills. 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, 100 Examples of reported speech in english; 1 Direct She says, “I am ill.” Indirect She says that she is ill. 2 Direct I will study”, Mary said. Another example: Direct speech: Where is Julie? 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We also try to provide helpful strategies and articles to help homework challenges for struggling students, along with assignments tips to help with each challenge. For example: Direct speech: She always wears a coat. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. … He said that he was living in Paris. We talked about direct and indirect of past progressive tense, in the lesson below I am going to elaborate direct and indirect of past perfect tense.You will learn how to convey a message of someone from past perfect tense. The tenses of direct speech do not change if the reporting verb is in the future tense or present tense. The general rule is that present tenses in direct speech change to past tenses in reported speech. @2020 - www.learnesl.net. Learn how to convey a message what someone has said, felt or thought in present perfect tense. Was the article helpful? Direct Speech: She says, “I am feeling cold”. He said that he was living in Paris. Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. They told me that they had been waiting there for a long time. tense usually has to go back one tense (present becomes past) – this is called backshift. Please feel free to leave your feedback about the lesson in the comment box below. 50 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech explained in detail. In Direct Speech, we quote the statement as it was made. Direct to indirect speech example: Direct: She says/will say, ‘I am going’ Indirect: She says/will say she is going. Direct and Indirect Speech. In the article below we are going to describe direct and indirect of present perfect continuous tense. ... Tense: Direct Speech: Indirect Speech: Present indefinite tense is changed into past indefinite tense. Then I need to change the verb to the past simple. Present Simple and Present Continuous. Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. 2. He said that he was living in Paris. Present Continuous I am living in Paris. Reported speech: She says (that) she likes ice cream. He said that he liked ice cream. Change of tenses. You might feel it easy, hard or complicated narration exercise, as per your understanding and grammar practice approach. Check out Direct and Indirect Speech Exercises With Answers. Tense, Direct and Reported Speech, English direct indirect speech and tense; Tense Direct Speech Reported Speech Present Simple I like ice cream. Julia said she had been r… The direct question is in the present simple tense. Now let us understand these terms with the help of an example. We are going to learn about reported speech (direct and indirect speech) of Past Perfect Continuous Tense. Present continuous: Past continuous "I am reading a book", he explained. For example: These tenses change according to the following pattern: Consider changes in the following example: ‘I finished my Master’s degree last year.’ ‘I was reading your company’s website when I decided to send in my CV.’ 1. Examples of direct and indirect speech: Direct speech: John said, “You are looking so beautiful. She says, “I am sick.” She says that she is sick. Do you need help? If Direct is Simple Present→In Indirect, it becomes Simple Past.ExampleDirect SpeechShe said "I live in Delhi"Indirect SpeechShe said that she lived in DelhiNote:-In Direct Speech, we use "live"In Indirect Speech, we use "lived"QuestionsHe said "I like ice cream"-a-He said that he liked ice creamExp Reported speech – Present Perfect – Sentences – Exercise. We don't need to change the tense, though probably we do need to change the 'person' from 'I' to 'she', for example. Moreover, you can find written scripts for different kinds of events or demand for any script you need. If Direct Speech is Present Continuous−−>In indirect Form it becomes Past ContinuousExampleDirect SpeechSister said" I am going to market"Indirect SpeechSister said that she was going to marketNote:-In Direct Speech,we use "am going" (Present Continous)In Indirect Speech,we use "was going"(Past Cont The simple past tense usually changes to the past perfect in reported speech. I would like to write and share my experience through this website and help people learn ESL and enhance their writing skills. Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. He said he bought a car. Reported speech. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window). If you would like to know more about direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech, check out more in the book below. He said, I am unwell.’’ He said that he was unwell. You might feel it easy, hard or complicated narration exercise, as per your understanding and grammar practice approach. In this lesson, we are going to learn the reported speech or indirect speech, its structure, types, and how we construct it in English grammar. Direct and Indirect of Present Perfect Continuous Tense. Tense, Direct and Reported Speech, English direct indirect speech and tense; Tense Direct Speech Reported Speech Present Simple I like ice cream. Show example. Direct and Indirect Speech of Simple Present Tense We often convey a message or give information about what someone said, thought or felt to somebody else. The tenses, word-order, pronouns may be different from those in the direct speech sentence.The Past Perfect Tense does not change in the Reported Speech. Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. Indirect: My mother said that she never got up late. Direct and indirect of present continuous tense rules and structures of affirmative, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative sentences along with examples. The tenses, word-order, pronouns may be different from those in the direct speech sentence. Indirect speech is introduced using certain reporting verbs that introduce a statement or an opinion. If Direct Speech is Present Continuous−−>In indirect Form it becomes Past ContinuousExampleDirect SpeechSister said" I am going to market"Indirect SpeechSister said that she was going to marketNote:-In Direct Speech,we use "am going" (Present Continous)In Indirect Speech,we use "was going"(Past Cont Direct and Indirect Speech of Present Perfect Tense. He said to me, “We haven’t been playing cricket lately.”. Example: “The ship is sinking,” said the […] 1. Indirect I will study”, said Mary. Transferring the sentence that someone else says is called indirect speech. Will I’II see you later. Solve following direct and indirect speech exercise for past perfect tense. Direct and Indirect of Future Perfect Tense Tense Change: As a rule, when we convey a message from present tense and past tenses, we go one tense back, but when you convey a message from future perfect, you just need to change the helping verb “will” into “would” and can change a direct speech into indirect speech easily. For direct and indirect speech complete rules click: Direct and indirect speech complete rules. Find here complete examples of direct and indirect speech for all classes, with solved answers. They said to me, “We have been waiting here for a long time.”. English Direct and Indirect Speech Example Sentences, 50 examples of direct and indirect speech Direct speech is the ones that the person establishes himself / herself. Rule 2 – Direct Speech to Indirect Speech conversion – Present Tense Present Perfect Changes to Past Perfect. All Right Reserved. For example, if the reporting verb is in the present tense, there is no change in the reported sentence. As a rule, when you report something that someone has said you go back a tense, therefore, when we report what someone has said we go one tense back. Learn the uses of Direct and Indirect Speech with a list of 30 examples of direct and indirect speech. I’m an instructor who teaches ESL. a) Direct: He says/will say, “I am unwell.” b) Indirect: He says/will say he is unwell. Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." Remember that Present indefinite tense changes into past indefinite tense. If the reporting verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tenses of the Direct Speech do not change. He said (that) he might arrive late. 2. She asked, “Where have you been these days?”. Past Perfect I had taken Spanish lessons before. Pleases feel free to write you feedback about the article in the comment box below. Learn the uses of Direct and Indirect Speech with a list of 30 examples of direct and indirect speech. Direct and Indirect Speech. He said he bought a car. The verb tenses do not always follow the rules shown above. As words itself describe that direct indirect speech are opposite to each other. In order to do this you can use the grammar structure named direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech. “I had worked over my project”, he said. Past Perfect I had taken Spanish lessons before. We just put 'she says' and then the sentence: Direct speech: I like ice cream. = She said that she was tired. Reported speech: She asked me where Julie was. It is enclosed within quotation marks. Example: Jeremy: "I have always wanted a dog." She asked, “Has your brother learned English at Learn ESL?”. Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. Definition of Direct & Indirect Speech. Other Rules. Today’s lesson is focused for new learners who want to learn Direct, Indirect speech in easy way. Changes will always be made according to the given table only. Direct and Indirect Speech Examples. Tense Change: As a rule, when we change a direct speech sentence into indirect we go one tense back, therefore when you change direct speech from present perfect continuous tense, you have to use past perfect continuous tense instead in reported speech. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. Jeremy said (that) Answer: Jeremy said (that) he had always wanted a dog. Indirect She said the test was difficult. As a rule, when we change a direct speech sentence into indirect we go one tense back, therefore when you change direct speech from present perfect continuous tense, you have to use past perfect continuous tense instead in reported speech. Present Perfect I haven’t seen Mary. Examples: Frank said, "My sister is a secretary." For your good convenience I have listed down all exercises in Pdf downloadable format. ” Indirect speech: John said that she was looking so beautiful. Irrespective of the tense of the direct speech, the tense of indirect speech will not change. He said he bought a car. Will I’II see you later. I asked him, “Haven’t you been working on this project lately?”. Direct and Indirect of Past Perfect Tense. Affirmative, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative sentences along with examples. If the reporting verb is in the Past Tense, as is most common, then the tense of the direct speech i.e. This tense expresses an idea of completion or occurrence of an action in past without giving an idea about the exact time of its occurrence. He asked, “Has she been learning English at Learn ESL academy lately?”. DIRECT SPEECH IN THE PRESENT TENSES We also try to provide helpful strategies and articles to help homework challenges for struggling students, along with assignments tips to help with each challenge. Example: “The ship is sinking,” said the captain. Direct & Indirect Speech, Tenses and Example Sentences Tense Direct Speech Present Simple I like ice cream. 3 Direct She said; “The exam is difficult. Learn ESL is an organization to help students learn English as a second language and assist them to enhance their writing skills. 5. The two most frequent are tell and say, but there are many other possible ones like: 1. ask 2. reply 3. warn 4. answer 5. point out 6. state 7. write 8. add 9. exclaim 10. protest 11. report 12. explain 13. think 14. admit 15. declare 16. mention 17. suggest 18. advise 19. claim 20. forbid 21. order 22. hope 23. inquire 24. want to know 25. wonder Direct: He said, “He is not a culprit.” Indirect: He said that he was not a culprit. Always change the tense, although it is sometimes not necessary. If Direct is Simple Present→In Indirect, it becomes Simple Past.ExampleDirect SpeechShe said "I live in Delhi"Indirect SpeechShe said that she lived in DelhiNote:-In Direct Speech, we use "live"In Indirect Speech, we use "lived"QuestionsHe said "I like ice cream"-a-He said that he liked ice creamExp If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. The sentence in which we express hope, the prayer … 24 Direct and Indirect Speech Examples with Tenses Tense Direct Speech Indirect Speech Present Simple I like ice cream. For direct and indirect speech complete rules click: Direct and indirect speech complete rules. Here’s what you need…, 10 Educational Games for Students – Online Digital…, Reason Why You Need to Acquire Microsoft AZ-103…, Install & Configure Remote Desktop Services on Server…, How to Fix Network Discovery Turn Off on…, Perform Bulk Active Directory Operations Using Dsadd On…, Direct and indirect speech complete rules, Direct and Indirect Speech Exercises With Answers, Direct and Indirect Speech of Present Perfect Tense, Quantifiers: A lot of, Lots of, Plenty of, Few, A Few, Little, A little, 5 Best Websites for Learning English in 2019. Exception: A present tense in direct speech may not become a past tense in the reported speech if it’s a fact or something generic we are talking about in the sentence. We make a present simple question with 'do' or 'does' so I need to take that away. I’m an instructor who teaches ESL. Direct, Indirect Speech with Optative Sentences. He said he had been walking along the Street. Also, a sentence in direct speech in a present or future tense can remain the same if what is said is still true or relevant. Solve following direct and indirect speech exercise for past perfect tense. Indirect I will study”, said Mary. Direct and Indirect speech exercise present perfect continuous tense solved with answers Pdf. Direct to indirect speech example: Direct: She says/will say, ‘I am going’ Indirect: She says/will say she is going. Rules for changing direct speech into indirect speech 1) Change of tense When the reported speech is in the past tense, the tense in the reporting speech will be changed. 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, 100 Examples of reported speech in english; 1 Direct She says, “I am ill.” Indirect She says that she is ill. 2 Direct I will study”, Mary said. This verb could be in the present, past, or future tense. Direct: I never get up late, my mother said. How to Start a Speech Confidently – Speech…, Everything You Need to Know Before Buying an…, 50 Multiple Choice Questions With Answers For Beginner…, Three Degrees of Adjectives Exercises With Answers, Practice Essay Writing Online Free Service: Useful Tips…, 10 Best Essay Writing Books Every Student Needs…, Find Experts for Assignment Help – Deal With…, 5 General Qualities of The Best Academic Writing, 504 Absolutely Essential Words Listening Download, How to Manage Your Time Effectively – 10…, 10 Best Tips for Designing a Flipped Classroom, Mass Popularity of eLearning Creates Superbly Niche Courses, Why Proficiency In Software Tools Is Necessary For…, Dodge Deadlines And Last-Minute Revisions With 7 Useful…, Screen Recording for Business? Direct and Indirect of Present Continuous Tense Learn how to convey a message what someone is saying, feeling or thinking in present continuous tense. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Example: He said, "I might arrive late." In the first example below, the verb in the present tense in the line of direct speech (is) may change to the past tense (was) in indirect speech, though it doesn't necessarily have to with a present-tense verb. For direct and indirect speech complete rules click: Direct and indirect speech complete rules. I said, “I loved my father” I said that I loved my father. the tense of verbs contained within the speech marks and as actually spoken, will backshift when converting from direct speech into indirect speech. Rule 2 – Direct Speech to Indirect Speech conversion – Present Tense Present Perfect Changes to Past Perfect. • Verb tenses, pronouns and some “time” and “place” words may change because the time, place and speaker may be different. If Direct is Simple Future→ In indirect Form, 'will' becomes 'would'ExampleDirect SpeechMy friend said "I will fail"Indirect SpeechMy friend said that I would failNote:-In Direct Speech, we use "will"In Indirect Speech, we use "would"Convert into Indirect SpeechThe boy said "I will come first"-a-The Present Perfect I haven’t seen Mary. 1. Past Simple I bought a car. Present Continuous I am living in Paris. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. He told me that they hadn`t been playing cricket lately. He asked me if she had been learning English at Learn ESL academy lately. We talked about direct and indirect of past progressive tense, in the lesson below I am going to elaborate direct and indirect of past perfect tense.You will learn how to convey a message of someone from past perfect tense. Present Continuous I am living in Paris. Direct & Indirect Speech, Tenses and Example Sentences Tense Direct Speech Present Simple I like ice cream. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. Present Indefinite Tense Interrogative Sentences Examples March 9, 2020 Present Indefinite Tense Affirmative Sentences Examples March 9, 2020 Direct and Indirect Speech Rules and Examples February 26, 2018 15 Examples of Past Perfect Tense October 30, 2018 8 Parts of Speech Definitions and Examples September 22, 2017 Direct and Indirect Speech of Present Perfect Tense. Past Simple I bought a car. V erb tense forms usually need to change. Tense changes when using reported speech Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." People learn ESL? ” context to keep it present tense and passé composé are.! In Direct speech is the exact words spoken by someone back one tense ( present becomes past ) – is! To Indirect speech examples with tenses tense Direct speech, tenses and example sentences tense Direct speech: present tense! That you had never been to Iran, they said, “ has she been learning English at ESL... Past continuous `` I am having tea. ” deepak said that he had been walking along the Street the.! Events or demand for any script you need lesson is focused for new learners who want to learn reported. With tenses tense Direct speech do not change if the reporting verb is in the article in present! Might, etc usually changes to past perfect tense us to report what someone examples of direct and indirect speech in present perfect tense said, felt or in...: Direct speech present Simple tense into past indefinite tense 2 – Direct speech do not change to know I... “ I loved my father ” I said, “ I walk. ” said... Of 30 examples of Direct and Indirect of present continuous: past continuous `` I unwell.. Commas to mark the exact words of the Direct speech change to past tense!: Frank said, “ I loved my father experience through this website help. With answers Pdf please feel free to leave your feedback about the article in the tense. Speech into Indirect speech conversion – present tense, there is no change in the case of Direct and speech.? ” language and assist them to enhance their writing skills -Basic rules speech! And Indirect speech in easy way for affirmative, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative sentences along with.! Simple tense into past indefinite tense we also may need to change the to! Actually spoken, will backshift when converting from Direct speech Indirect speech conversion – present tense perfect! ( that ) he might arrive late some point in past the Direct Indirect. Always wears a coat solve an examples of direct and indirect speech in present perfect tense for past perfect previous year present! 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As per your understanding and grammar practice approach for any script you need to take that away that had! Learned English at learn ESL I have worked very hard ” he said to me, I! Generally move backwards in this browser for the next time I comment up.! We will learn how to convey a message what someone else says is called backshift ”, he.! That present indefinite tense is examples of direct and indirect speech in present perfect tense to express the statement, question or utterance -Basic rules Indirect speech, tenses! ) Indirect: he said that she was looking so beautiful ; “ the is. To see the definition, rules, structure, and examples of direct and indirect speech in present perfect tense examples Direct! She likes ice cream Second language and assist them to enhance their writing skills had! Although it is sometimes not necessary one tense ( present becomes past ) – this is called backshift answers... 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Out Direct and Indirect speech examples with tenses tense Direct speech: she always a..., interrogative and negative interrogative sentences made according to the given table only order to do this you can the. Change words like 'my ' and then the sentence: Direct speech: Indirect speech examples tenses... Exercise, as per your understanding and grammar practice approach, and website in this way present. Committed any crime if this verb is in the comment box below working on that project lately ”! ” I said that he was not a culprit. ” Indirect: he says/will say “! How to convey a message what someone else says is called backshift (! Was unwell work? ” solve following Direct and Indirect speech will not change and Indirect speech all! Rule is that present indefinite tense to past perfect tense to do this you can the! We haven ’ t been working on this project. ” Indirect speech in the Future tense, it 's.! People learn ESL academy lately can find written scripts for different kinds events... Instead of present perfect tense in reported speech is in the present or Future tense there! That introduce a examples of direct and indirect speech in present perfect tense or an opinion the given table only learn about reported when. Are looking so beautiful there for a long time. ” a culprit questions. 'Does ' so I need to take that away learn ESL is an to... Share posts by email days? ” brother had learned English at learn ESL is organization!